A Buddhist believes the closer you are to the sky, the closer you are to the Gods. Climbing the steps of Borobudur, as the surrounding jungle reveals itself, it's easy to understand how the creators of this masterpiece felt more connected to the divine than the earthly.
Believed to have been built by the Sailendra dynasty between 778 and 850 BCE. Borobudur can be found in the central region of Java, Indonesia and is the largest Buddhist temple on Earth.
The design of this Mahayana Buddhist temple follows the typical trend of Javanese Buddhist architecture. Blending the Indonesian indigenous cult of ancestor worship with the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana. Borobudur is adorned with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddhist statues. Consisting of nine stacked platforms, six square, three circular and topped with a central dome.
After 500 years of occupation and pilgrimage, Borobudur was abandoned following the general decline of Hindu kingdoms in Java due to the Javanese conversion to Islam. Consequently, the site lay hidden under layers of volcanic ash and jungle growth for a further 500 years.
Then, In 1814, tipped off by locals, the English lieutenant governor of Java, Thomas Stamford Raffles would re-discover the site, bringing it to the world's attention.
The Restoration of Borobudur
In 1907 a Dutch team of archaeologists set to restoring the site. During the restoration, more than one million stones were dismantled and removed. Set aside like pieces of a giant jigsaw puzzle to be individually identified, catalogued and cleaned. Treated for preservation they would be re-integrated back into the complex.
Borobudur became a testing ground for new conservation techniques, including new procedures to battle the microorganisms attacking the stone.
In 1991, UNESCO listed Borobudur as a World Heritage Site. Listed under Cultural criteria:
- Represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
- Exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a length of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design
- To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
It's the most popular historical tourist attraction in Indonesia. With this in mind, you'll need to make the most of your time at the temple.
As is the norm with mass tourism, there are the inevitable sunrise crowds. However, depending on the season it doesn't have to be the cattle market that springs to mind and first light is a magical time for such a setting.
I was there in late August which coincided with the quietest period at the site. (June-August) My experience was a bearable and enjoyable one but by no means a peaceful one. A good tip/trip would be to visit on a weekday.
Furthermore, during this, the humidity is lower and visibility clearer, giving you the best chance of mystical sunrises and sunsets. Thrown in for good measure will be bonus views of Mount Merapi.
It's a big enough complex to find some quiet corners. Take your time and spend at least a few hours here. Explore the nooks and crannies and you're sure to get some cracking shots.
Completely Useless Facts about Borobudur
- The complex encompasses over 15000 square metres
- On the top floor of the temple sits the largest stupa which also serves as a sundial
- In 1985, a bomb blast by the blind Muslim preacher, Husein Ali Al Habsyi caused extensive damage to nine of the stupas. Fortunately, there were no human casualties
Have a wemooch elsewhere...
Fancy a wee mooch around all that history and mystery at Borobudur?
You'll need a few things to come together for it all to work out. There's some useful stuff to be clicked and pressed below.